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学术讲座0108

日期:2013年01月04日     本文发布:www.3499.com

学院邀请英国Brunel大学电子与计算机工程系John Stonham 教授来院做学术讲座。

时间: 2013年1月8日(周二) 下午 3:00

地点: 基础教学大楼B104

题目: Natural Computing

Abstract

About 70 years ago, in the 1940’s? the concept of the electronic computer was first developed. It was a reconfigurable device performing a predefined sequence of operations on single packets of data and was applied to arithmetical problems. Early comparisons were made with the brain and computers of the day were often referred to as “electronic brains” although this is a misleading analogy.? At the same time a group of researchers were proposing mathematical and electronic models of biological brain cells and laid down the foundations of a new subject which was to become Artificial Intelligence.? The success of electronic computing has been outstanding and today we each have personal computing power of immense capacity. Artificial Intelligence however has had a less successful history, with many expectations not being fulfilled. So what is the future for Artificial Intelligence?? This talk will make the case for looking at the natural biological system for inspiration for new ideas for data processing. The nervous system is a voltage processor with all our senses, including sight, smell, touch, and sound being represented by voltage signals in nerves and the brain. The natural system provides evidence that these signals can be processed in a meaningful way but in a very different way from the conventional computer. The most obvious being that humans do not need software and? conventional mathematical analysis to recognise their environments. The functionality is emergent from having examples of the data and being told the resultant classification. Time permitting, some recent results will be presented for automatic face recognition using artificial neural networks.

Short Biography

John Stonham is Professor of Neural Systems Engineering at Brunel University London where he has been Head of Department of Electronic and Computer Engineering and Dean of the Faculty of Technology.? He has been Visiting Professor? at Nanjing University, Imperial College London, and California Institute of Technology. He has supervised in excess of 100 PhD students, published approximately 250 papers on Pattern Recognition,

Image Processing, Neural Networks and Signal Processing and is the author or co-author of 5 text books. He is currently Director of Overseas Admissions for Engineering at Brunel University and Senior Tutor in Electronic and Computer Engineering.

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